Bad breath, medically called halitosis, can result from poor dental health habits and may be a sign of other health problems. Bad breath can also be made worse by the types of foods you eat and other unhealthy lifestyle habits
(BP) is a force exerted by circulating blood on the walls of blood vessels and is one of the principal vital signs. During each heartbeat, BP varies between a maximum (systolic) and a minimum (diastolic) pressure.
Classification of Blood Pressure for Adults
||90 – 120
||60 – 80
||121 – 139
||80 – 89
|Stage 1 Hypertension
||140 – 159
||90 – 99
|Stage 2 Hypertension
Hypotension: Hypotension is a medical concern only if it causes signs or symptoms, such as dizziness or fainting.
Hypertension: Persistent hypertension is one of the risk factors for strokes, heart attacks, heart failure and arterial aneurysms.Even moderate elevation of arterial pressure can lead to a shortened life expectancy.
Research is now linking periodontal disease to an increased risk in pancreatic cancer. Men with periodontal disease had a 63% greater risk of developing pancreatic cancer
Cancer is the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells in the body. Cancerous cells are also called malignant cells.
Symptoms of cancer depend on the type and location of the tumor. For example, lung cancer can cause coughing, shortness of breath, or chest pain. Colon cancer often causes diarrhea, constipation, and blood in the stool. Some cancers may not have any symptoms at all. In certain cancers, such as gallbladder cancer, symptoms often do not start until the disease has reached an advanced stage.
A canker sore is a painful, open sore in the mouth. Canker sores are white or yellow and surrounded by a bright red area. The first symptom is usually a tingling or burning sensation that you feel before other symptoms develop.
Pain decreases in 7 to 10 days, with complete healing in 1 to 3 weeks. Particularly large ulcers (greater than 1 cm in diameter) often take longer to heal (2 to 4 weeks). Occasionally, a severe occurrence may be accompanied by nonspecific symptoms of illness, such as fever. Canker sores often return.
Canker sores can be triggered by emotional stress, dietary deficiencies (especially iron, folic acid, or vitamin B-12), menstrual periods, hormonal changes, food allergies, and similar situations. They occur most commonly with viral infections. In some cases, the cause can not be identified.
Here’s how you get cavities
- Sugar in food and beverages combines with bacteria in your mouth to form acid.
- Diet or “sugar-personal” pop contains its own acid.
- Acid in soft drinks, whether they contain sugar or not, is the primary cause of weakening tooth enamel.
- The acid attacks your teeth. Each acid attack lasts about 20 minutes.
- The acid attack starts over again with every sip.
- Ongoing acid attacks weaken your tooth enamel.
- Bacteria in your mouth cause cavities when tooth enamel is damaged.
How to reduce decay
- If you have a receding gum line, acid does more damage below the gum line than above it – especially for adults.
- Drink soft drinks in moderation.
- Don’t sip for extended periods of time. Ongoing sipping prolongs sugar and acid attacks on your teeth.
- Use a straw to keep the sugar away from your teeth.
- After drinking, swish your mouth out with water to dilute the sugar.
- Never drink pop or juice before bedtime. The liquid pools in your mouth and coats your tongue and teeth with sugar and acid.
- Read labels. Regular pop is high in sugar. And diet or “sugar-personal” pop is high in acid. Sugar and acid are bad for your teeth.
- Drink water instead of pop. It has no sugar, no acid and no calories.
- Use a toothpaste with fluoride in it or a prescription strength fluoride.
- Brush your teeth at least twice a day and floss at least once.
- Get regular checkups and cleanings to remove bacteria.
- Talk to your dental care professional to make sure that other factors aren’t contributing to your susceptibility to decay such as dry mouth often caused by medications or digestive problems such as acid reflux.
||Acid (Low = Bad)
||Sugar per 12 oz. Serving
|Barq’s Root Beer
|Propel Fitness Water
|Sobe Energy Citrus
Diabetes is not only a risk factor for periodontal disease, but periodontal disease may exacerbate or even cause diabetes. Some evidence has suggested that the bacteria causing periodontal disease may enter the blood stream and activate cytokines, the damaging factors in the immune system, which then may even destroy cells in the pancreas, where insulin is produced. One study found that treating periodontal disease reduced the need for insulin in some people with diabetes.
People with diabetes are more likely to have periodontal disease than people without diabetes, because diabetics are more susceptible to contracting infections. In fact, periodontal disease is often considered the sixth complication of diabetes. Those people who don’t have their diabetes under control are especially at risk. This is because uncontrolled diabetes impairs white blood cells, which are the body’s main defense against bacterial infections that can occur in the mouth. Since periodontal disease is a bacterial infection, diabetics with uncontrolled disease are more susceptible to destruction.
Poor healing of oral tissues is also common in patients with uncontrolled diabetes
Lack of saliva is a common problem that may seem little more than a nuisance, but a dry mouth can affect both your enjoyment of food and the health of your teeth. The medical term for dry mouth is xerostomia (zeer-o-STO-me-uh).
Dry mouth can cause problems because saliva helps prevent tooth decay by limiting bacterial growth and washing away food and plaque. Saliva enhances your ability to taste and makes it easier to swallow. In addition, enzymes in saliva aid in digestion.
Although the treatment depends on the cause, dry mouth is often a side effect of medication. Dry mouth may improve with an adjusted dosage or a new prescription.
If you suspect that your medications may be contributing to your dry mouth additional information is available at: http://pdrhealth.com/home/home.aspx
Healthy teeth are important to your child’s overall health. From the time your child is born, there are things you can do to promote healthy teeth. For babies, you should clean teeth with a soft, clean cloth or baby’s toothbrush. Avoid putting the baby to bed with a bottle and check teeth regularly for spots or stains.
For all children, you should
- Brush teeth with a fluoride toothpaste.
- Provide healthy foods and limit sweet snacks and drinks.
- Provide low-fat milk and dairy products high in calcium.
- Schedule regular dental check-ups.
Forming good habits at a young age can help your child have healthy teeth for life.
What is a frenum?
A frenum is a thin piece of tissue that limits movement of an organ or a body part.
What complications can be caused by a frenum?